Pet Neurological Diseases: A Quick Glance of Five of the Most Common Ones

As a responsible pet parent, it’s probably best to be aware of the various neurological diseases that can affect your furry friend and other illnesses they may acquire. Though not all of these diseases are common, it’s still important to have a basic understanding of them. Also, remember that pets with neurological conditions often require special care and treatment.

The following are five of the most common neurological diseases in pets:

1. Epilepsy

Epilepsy is a disorder that causes repeated seizures. These seizures can be caused by various factors, including genetics, head injuries, or brain tumors. Pets with epilepsy often require lifelong treatment with anticonvulsant medication.

Symptoms include:

  • Staring off into space
  • Sudden movements
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Collapsing
  • Muscle twitching

2. Stroke

A stroke happens due to an interruption of the blood supply to the brain. This can occur due to a blockage or rupture in an artery. Pets that have had a stroke often need special care and treatment, as they may be at risk for further strokes.

Symptoms include:

  • Sudden weakness or paralysis in the legs
  • Loss of balance
  • Confusion
  • Head tilt
  • Dizziness
  • Nystagmus
  • Seizures

In some cases, pets with a stroke may require urgent attention. This is because the symptoms may progress quickly and can be life-threatening. Make sure that the vet clinic you choose as your partner in caring for your pet’s health and wellbeing offers emergency services, such as Animal Emergency & Referral Center. Visit the website here to know more.

3. Meningitis

This is a condition wherein the meninges, the layer of tissue surrounding the brain and spinal cord, is inflamed. This condition can be caused by infections, tumors, or autoimmune diseases. See here how can a veterinary internal medicine specialist help with these diseases.

Pets with meningitis often require hospitalization and treatment with antibiotics or other medications.

Symptoms include:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Stiff neck
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Seizures

Cats or dogs with meningitis may also experience neurological problems like paralysis or blindness. In some cases, meningitis can be life-threatening. This is why following your pet’s vaccination schedules and seeing your vet regularly for checkups is essential.

4. Wobbler Syndrome

Wobbler disorder is a condition that affects the spinal cord (particularly the cervical) and vertebrae. A malformation or deformity often causes it in the vertebrae. Pets with this condition often need lifelong treatment, including medication, surgery, and/or therapy.

Symptoms include:

  • Neck pain
  • Weakness in the legs
  • Loss of coordination
  • Difficulty walking

In some cases, wobblers can cause paralysis or even death. You must seek treatment for your pet as soon as possible if you notice any symptoms.

5. Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD)

Intervertebral disc disease (IVDD) is a condition that affects the discs that cushion the vertebrae. These discs can rupture or herniate, which can cause pain and neurological problems. Pets with IVDD often need surgery to correct the problem.

Symptoms include:

  • Neck pain
  • Weakness in the legs
  • Loss of coordination
  • Difficulty walking
  • Paralysis

IVDD can be painful and debilitating for your pet. If you notice any symptoms, you should take them to the vet immediately.


Your pet depends on you to keep them healthy and happy. Take your pet to your veterinarian for a checkup if you see any unusual signs of any illnesses, in addition to these neurological disorders. The earlier any disease is caught, the better the chances are for a full recovery.